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Information about SalmonellaSalmonella

Salmonella is named after Daniel E. Salmon, an American scientist who helped put the first U.S. meat inspections in place and who helped lay the scientific foundation for the widespread practice of vaccination. In 1885, while serving as the director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Animal Industry--an organization he helped to found--Salmon was credited with the discovery of the organism that causes hog cholera, now known as Salmonella Choleraesius. In fact, Salmon's assistant, a brilliant researcher named Theobald Smith, actually discovered the bacterium.

What is Salmonella?

The term Salmonella actually refers to a group of bacteria, many of which cause diarrheal illness in animals and humans. There are many different kinds of Salmonella bacteria. Salmonella Typhimurium (or Salmonella Typhi) can cause the illness typhoid. The illness caused by other types of Salmonella, including Salmonella Enteritidis, which is common in the U.S., is called Salmonellosis.

Salmonella Poisoning

The most common source of Salmonella poisoning to you and your family is the feces of infected people or animals. People who come into contact with stool need only pick up a few of the Salmonella bacteria to become infected. Salmonella is found in many other environments as well, including uncooked meat, soil and water. The most important ways to prevent Salmonella poisoning are proper hygiene and proper cooking.

Although the number of Salmonellosis cases reported in the U.S. annually is about 40,000, it is estimated that up to four million infections occur in this nation each year because mild cases are often not reported or diagnosed.

Most cases of Salmonella poisoning do not require treatment. In rare cases, Salmonella induced diarrheal illness become severe enough to require hospitalization and a course of antibiotics. Although very rare, some cases of Salmonellosis have led to the death of the infected individual.

Prevention


Other Food Illnesses @ Food-Poisoning.org:
Campylobacter | E coli | Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Hepatitis A | Listeria | Norwalk Virus | Salmonella | Shigella


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